Substituição de uma palavra no singular para uma no plural


#1

[1] An Amazonian tribe has been discovered
that has no concept of time or dates.
The Amondawa people of Brazil do not
even have words for “time”, “week”, “month”
[5] or “year”, said Chris Sinha, of the University
of Portsmouth.
He argues that it is the first time scientists
have been able to prove time is not a deeply
entrenched universal human concept, as
[10] previously thought.
According to Professor Sinha we can now
say without doubt that there is at least one
language and culture which does not have a
concept of time as something that can be
[15] measured, counted or talked about in the
abstract, which doesn’t mean that the
Amondawa are “people outside time”: they
live in a world of events, rather than seeing
events as being embedded in time.
[20] There are no words for such concepts as
"next week" or “last year”, only divisions of
day and night and rainy and dry seasons. It
was also found nobody in the community has
an age. ……… , they change their names to
[25] reflect their life-stage and position within their
society. For example, a little child will give up
his or her name to a newborn sibling and take
on a new one.
Professor Sinha said: “We have so many
[30] metaphors for time and its passing - we think
of time as a ‘thing’ - we say ‘the weekend is
nearly gone’, ‘she’s coming up to her exams’,
‘I haven’t got the time’, and so on, and we
think such statements are objective, but they
[35] aren’t. We’ve created these metaphors and
they have become the way we think. The
Amondawa don’t talk like this and don’t think
like this, unless they learn another language.
For these fortunate people time isn’t money,
[40] they aren’t racing against the clock to
complete anything, and nobody is discussing
next week or next year. You could say they
enjoy a certain freedom”.
Adaptado de: Daily Mail, 20 mai 2011. Disponível em: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-1389070/Amazon-Amondawa-tribe-age-words-like-month-year-dont-exist.html#ixzz25dEZL89p. Acesso em: 05 set. 2012.
Considere a proposta de substituição de child (l. 26) por children.
Nesse contexto, assinale a alternativa que apresenta, respectivamente, o número de palavras que devem ser suprimidas e o número de palavras que devem ser alteradas, para fins de concordância.
Resposta: seis - três
Alguém pode me explicar quais palavras devem ser suprimidas e alteradas?